Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Muscles of upper limb unlabeled arm muscle anatomy. Muscles of the upper limb an overview sciencedirect topics. Upper limb ppt free download as powerpoint presentation. The lower limb is designed for weightbearing, balance, and mobility. Muscle name origin insertion action innervation muscles of. It comprises of highly detailed and wellversed chapters on the bones of upper limbs as well as the pectoral region, scapular region, the forearm and the anatomy of the hand, joints of upper limbs and so on. In the human body the muscles of the upper limb can be classified by origin, topography, function, or innervation. Mar 16, 2017 muscles of the upper arm and shoulder blade human anatomy kenhub duration. Pdf anatomy, shoulder and upper limb, biceps muscle. Related posts of muscle anatomy upper limb lower back muscle in human body.
Collectively, along with the tendons of some let muscles that enter the sole, the foot muscles help support the arches of the foot. It supplies all motor innervation to the muscles of the upper limb and shoulder girdle, with the exception of the. The mean volume for each muscle for 10 subjects was calculated, as was mean total muscle volume. It consists of three sections, the upper arm, forearm, and hand. The hand manual region is the terminal end and focus of the upper limb. In this section, we shall concentrate on these five nerves. While a grouping by innervation reveals embryological and phylogenetic origins, the functionaltopographical classification below reflects the similarity in action between muscles with the exception of the shoulder girdle, where muscles with similar. Its bones, muscles, nerves, joints, blood vessels and lymphatics, anatomical areas, and structures found in the hand. Muscle origin insertion action innervation artery notes. Muscles of the shoulder name origin insertion pectoralis major clavicular part medial anterior clavicle sternal part sternal and costal cartilages iivi crest of the greater tubercle lat. What is the origin, insertion, action, and innervation of the pectoralis major. Anterior brachial compartment anterior brachial compartment general function.
Variations in the morphology of the upper limb muscles are not uncommon. Lower back muscle in human body 12 photos of the lower back muscle in human body lower back muscles of the human body, human muscles, lower back muscles of the human body. By looking at all of the upper limbs components separately we can appreciate and compartmentalize the information, then later view the upper limb as a whole and understand how all of its parts work in unison. The muscles of the human body can be categorized into a number of groups which include muscles relating to the head and neck, muscles of the torso or trunk, muscles of the upper limbs, and muscles of the lower limbs. Jul 08, 2016 related posts of muscle anatomy upper limb lower back muscle in human body. May 11, 2020 in this article we will discuss the gross structure and functional anatomy movement of the muscles of the upper limb.
Bd chaurasia human anatomy pdf free download all volumes. The humerus is the largest bone of the upper extremity and defines the human brachium arm. Pdf anatomy, shoulder and upper limb, hand compartments. The anterior divisions of the superior and middle trunk combine to form the. C5 and c6 merge to establish the upper trunk, c7 continuously forms the middle. These images were created using data obtained from medical imaging ct, mri, xrays. The upper limb consists of the arm, forearm, and hand. It articulates proximally with the glenoid via the glenohumeral gh joint, and distally with the. Origin is both at clavicle and sternocostal cartilage, costal cartilage of ribs 16 insertion intertubercular groovebicipital groove innervation lateral and medial pectoral nerves. The 30 bones of each upper limb are illustrated in figure 1. In the right side upper limb of a male cadaver, the origins of long and. Explain the pattern of motor innervation to the forearm 6. The upper limb upper extremity is truly a complex part of human anatomy.
The brachial plexus sections branches teachmeanatomy. Muscles that act on the shoulder can be classified as extrinsic, intrinsic, pectoral, or upper arm. Extrinsic muscles of the shoulder originate from the trunk and attach to the bones of the shoulder. These nerves continue into the upper limb to provide innervation to the muscles and skin present. The hand is a very mobile part of the upper limb, and we perform very specialised tasks with it every day, key adaptations can be seen in the specialised structures of the hand. Muscles of the upper limb boundless anatomy and physiology. Upper arm muscles will be discussed in a later section since they primarily promote forearm movement. In other words, the muscle body must cross the joint in order to affect it. Milos grim, upper limb muscles innervation, blood supply. Brachial artery breast and anterior upper limb trudy van houten, september 1, 2010. The bones and muscles of the lower limb are larger and stronger than those of the upper limb, which is necessary for the functions of weightbearing and balance. Identifying muscles of the upper extremities human anatomy.
As each artery passes into the axilla armpit it becomes the. Sensory to upper limb making it move bones and joints muscles and nerves vascular supply surface anatomy muscle study hint. The action refers to the action of each muscle from the standard anatomical position. Magnetic resonance imaging of the long bones of the upper extremity. Human hands are quite special in their anatomy, which allows us to be so dextrous and relies on muscles of the upper limb to help move it through space. To determine the distribution of muscle volume among muscles of a given subject, we calculated volume fraction fraction. You may not embed one of our images on your web page without a link back to our site. The intrinsic muscles of the foot help to flex, extend, abduct, and adduct the toes. Request pdf on feb 1, 2000, ca boles and others published the forearm. Muscle name origin insertion action innervation muscles of upper extremity pectoralis major medial half of clavicle, front of sternum, costal cartilage crest of greater tubercle lateral lip of bicipital groove horizontally adduct, medially rotate at shoulder medical and lateral pectoral.
In order to cause flexion or extension of a joint, a muscle must originate on one side of the joint and insert on the other. They act as a framework for the muscle, blood vessels, nerves and lymphatics to. A compiled list of all the upper limb muscles, their attachments, actions, innervation, and blood supply from university of michigan. Discuss the various common injuries and clinical signs of damage to the upper limb nerves 5. By looking at all of the upper limbs components separately we can appreciate and compartmentalize the information, then later view the upper limb as a whole and understand. Other than a single muscle on the dorsum of the foot, the majority of intrinsic foot muscles are found on the plantar aspect sole. Some are 3d views of the bones, vectorised with adobe illustrator, while others are diagrams and some are digital paintings produced with adobe photoshop. Describe the different kinds of upper limb fractures. Identifying muscles of the upper extremities human. Posterior upper limb trudy van houten, september 1, 2010 page 30.
Collectively, these muscles are involved in movement and stabilisation of the scapula, as well as movements of the upper limb. Lymph from the upper limb drains into lymphatic vessels travelling with both deep and superficial veins. Anatomy, shoulder and upper limb, arm structure and function. Accessory muscles of the upper limb include the accessory brachialis, anconeus epitrochlearis, accessory head of flexor pollicis longus, accessory flexor digitorum superficialis indicis, flexor carpi radialis brevis vel profundus, accessory hypothenar muscles, extensor digitorum brevis manus and the accessory extensor carpi radialis table 60. The upper extremity ue is comprised of its associated muscles, nerves, and vessels, organized into anatomical compartments. Muscles of the upper limb muscle origin insertion action innervation artery notes abductor digiti minimi hand pisiform base of the proximal phalanx of the 5th digit on its ulnar side abducts the 5th digit deep branch of the ulnar nerve ulnar a.
It is best studied broken down into its components. The muscles of the upper limb can be divided into 6 different regions. Practice exam to test yourself, and, more importantly, figure out what you dont know so you dont waste time. The deltoid muscle is responsible for abduction of the. Ventral somatic outgrowth of outer tube bones with bone, cartilage, marrow, nav, etc. General description the upper limb is associated with the lateral aspect of the lower portion of the neck. Pdf anatomy, shoulder and upper limb, arm quadrangular space. The trapezius helps elevate the scapula and raise the upper limb above the head, but is not associated with retraction of the scapula. If you would like a large, unwatermarked image for your web page or blog, please purchase the appropriate license. Muscles of the lower limb muscle origin insertion action innervation artery notes abductor digiti minimi foot medial and lateral sides of the tuberosity of the calcaneus lateral side of the base of the proximal phalanx of the 5th digit abducts the 5th toe. Anatomically speaking, however, only the structures distal to the shoulder joint and proximal to the elbow are referred to as the arm. Free practice questions for human anatomy and physiology identifying muscles of the upper extremities.
Flashcard anatomy on the muscles of the upper limb. Next to each muscle, youll find its origins, insertions, innervations and. The six divisions combine to form lateral, posterior and medial cords. Electromyographic recordings usually show a brief duration emg bursts of muscles of upper limb and groups where they belong 2. The brachial plexus is a network plexus of nerves formed by the anterior rami of the lower. It supplies afferent and efferent nerve fibers to the chest, shoulder, arm, forearm, and hand. The muscle is composed of a short head caput breve and a long head caput longum. Muscles of the upper arm and shoulder blade human anatomy kenhub duration. Lumen master muscle list muscles of the upper limb. Jan 21, 2020 illustrations of the anatomy of the upper limb. Instant anatomy is a specialised web site for you to learn all about human anatomy of the body with diagrams, podcasts and revision questions.1382 31 785 166 642 1279 806 754 1423 134 659 76 470 489 1036 956 1223 854 755 740 1122 415 917 716 183 542 877 910 24